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Svalbard Seed Bank and Global Food Histories

Page history last edited by Robert W. Maloy 3 months, 2 weeks ago

File:Entrance to the Seed Vault (cropped).jpg

The Svalbard Global Seed Vault

 

"Cary Fowler...and the Vavilov Institute...engaged in the Noah-like task of gathering the seeds of about

two million varieties of food plants,

both the familiar domesticated crops and many of their wild relatives,

in order to create the first global seed bank."

 

(The New Yorker, "Sowing for Apocalypse," August 20, 2007)

 

Table of Contents

 

 
  1. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault
    1. PLAY: Svalbard Global Seed Vault Tour, Crop Trust (2024) [10-15 minutes]
    2. LISTEN: "Inside The Global Seed Vault, Where The History And Future Of Agriculture Is Stored," NPR (July 24, 2017) [35 minutes]
    3. WATCH: "Inside the Svalbard Seed Vault," Veritasium (May 4, 2016) [9 minutes]
    4. WATCH: "What's the Doomsday Seed Vault Really For?" Tom Scott (June 29, 2015) [2 minutes]
    5. READ: "A Visit To The Doomsday Vault," 60 Minutes (March 20, 2008) [20 minute read at eighth grade reading level]
    6. READ: "Syria War Forces First Withdrawal from Svalbard Global Seed Vault," NBC, September 25, 2015 [10 minute read at eighth grade reading level]
  2. Famine in History
    1. CROSS-LINK: The Irish Potato Famine and Other Famines in World History
    2. LEARNING GAME: Food Security Game, Peace Corps (2024) [20 minutes]
    3. WATCH: "Drought and Famine," Crash Course (September 5, 2014) [10 minutes]
    4. READ: "China's Great Famine: The True Story," The Guardian (January 1, 2013) [10 minute read at eighth grade reading level]
  3. Agriculture in History
      1. VIEW: Infographic showing the transfer of goods and diseases from the Columbian Exchange, by Anita Ravi. Khan Academy (2024)
  4. Foods and Their Origins
    1. INTERACT: Where Our Foods Come From, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (2016)
      1. OF AFRICAN ORIGIN
      2. OF ASIAN ORIGIN
      3. OF AUSTRALIAN AND OCEANIAN ORIGIN
        1. BANANAS
        2. READ: The Surprising History of the Banana
        3. WATCH: "The dark history of bananas," TEDEd (November 3, 2020) [6 minutes]
      4. OF EUROPEAN AND MIDDLE EASTERN ORIGIN
      5. OF AMERICAN ORIGIN
        1. Three Sisters Agriculture

     

        

    There are more than 50,000 edible plants in the world today,

    but just 15 of them provide 90 percent of the world's food energy intake.

     

    10 Fruits, Nuts, and Vegetables You Did Not Know Were Human-Made

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    PLAY: Svalbard Global Seed Vault Tour, Crop Trust (2024) [10-15 minutes]

    You can access the virtual interactive tour here or by clicking the title above.

     

     

    "Entrance to Seed Vault (cropped)," from Wikimedia Commons, December 22, 2019

     

    LISTEN: "Inside The Global Seed Vault, Where The History And Future Of Agriculture Is Stored," NPR (July 24, 2017) [35 minutes]

    You can read the transcript here, or by clicking on the title in the embedded player below. 

     

    WATCH: "Inside the Svalbard Seed Vault," Veritasium (May 4, 2016) [9 minutes]

    You can access the original video here, or by clicking the "YouTube" button at the bottom of the embedded player.

     

     

     

     

    WATCH: "What's the Doomsday Seed Vault Really For?" Tom Scott (June 29, 2015) [2 minutes]

    You can access the original video here, or by clicking the "YouTube" button at the bottom of the embedded player.

     

     

    Or, watch Motherboard's, "Exploring the Arctic's Global Seed Vault," November 11, 2016 [5 minutes] and CNN's "See inside the 'Doomsday' seed vault," October 22, 2015 [3 minutes]

     

     

     

    READ: "A Visit To The Doomsday Vault," 60 Minutes (March 20, 2008) [20 minute read at eighth grade reading level]

    You can access the article here. If you have a Paramount+ account, you can stream the 60 Minutes episode on the same webpage. 

     

    Or, read BBC's "The Gloomy Arctic Seed Bank That's Key to Future Crops," January 12, 2016 [10 minute read at eighth grade reading level]

     

     

     

    READ: "Syria War Forces First Withdrawal from Svalbard Global Seed Vault," NBC, September 25, 2015 [10 minute read at eighth grade reading level]

    You can access the article here

     

     

     

     

    Famine in History

     

     

    CROSS-LINK: The Irish Potato Famine and Other Famines in World History

    You can access this wiki page by clicking the title above.

     

     

     

    LEARNING GAME: Food Security Game, Peace Corps (2024) [20 minutes]

    You can access the learning game here or by clicking on the title above.

     

     

     

    WATCH: "Drought and Famine," Crash Course (September 5, 2014) [10 minutes]

    You can access the original video here, or by clicking the "YouTube" button at the bottom of the embedded player.

     

     

     

     

    READ: "China's Great Famine: The True Story," The Guardian (January 1, 2013) [10 minute read at eighth grade reading level]

    You can access the article here.

     

    Or, read "Ten Worst Famines of the 20th Century," The Sydney Morning Herald (August 8, 2015) [10 minute read at eighth grade reading level]

     

     

     

     

    Agriculture in History

     

    VIEW: Infographic showing the transfer of goods and diseases from the Columbian Exchange, by Anita Ravi. Khan Academy (2024)


    Illustrated map which shows the crops, animals, and diseases transferred in the Columbian Exchange. From left to right, text on a purple arrow says, "The Americas to Europe, Africa, and Asia". From right to left the text on a purple arrow says, "Europe, Africa, and Asia to the Americas.

    Infographic showing the transfer of goods and diseases from the Columbian Exchange. By Anita Ravi. Khan Academy (2024)

     

     

    Date of First McDonalds Restaurant by Continent
    Date of First McDonalds Restaurant by Continent

     

     

    Foods and Their Origins

     

     

    INTERACT: Where Our Foods Come From, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (2016)

    You can view the interactive map here, or view the non-interactive map below.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Foods Indigenous to the Western Hemisphere

     

    https://foodwise.org/articles/10-foods-native-to-the-americas/

     

    OF AFRICAN ORIGIN

     

     

    COFFEE: The History of Coffee

     

     

     

     

    OF ASIAN ORIGIN

     


    APPLES: All About Apples: Some History, a Recipe, and Recommendations

     

     

     

    OF AUSTRALIAN AND OCEANIAN ORIGIN

     

    BANANAS

     

    File:Plátanos de Canarias.JPG

    from Wikimedia Commons


    READ: The Surprising History of the Banana

     

    WATCH: "The dark history of bananas," TEDEd (November 3, 2020) [6 minutes]

     

     

    OF EUROPEAN AND MIDDLE EASTERN ORIGIN

     


    WHEAT: Wheat Domestication--The History and Origins of Floury Grains 

     

    OF AMERICAN ORIGIN

     


    CORN: Rethinking the Corny History of Maize

     


    WILD RICE

     

     

     

    POTATOES/TOMATOES: Origins of Species of Corn, Potatoes, Tomatoes and Some Other Interesting History

     


    SUNFLOWER: How the Russians Saved America's Sunflower

     

    COCOA: History of Cocoa and Chocolate

     

     

    SQUASH: Foods Indigenous to the Western Hemisphere

     

     

     

    BLUEBERRIES 

     

     

     

    CRANBERRIES

    https://extension.umaine.edu/cranberries/cranberry-facts-and-history/

     

    Three Sisters Agriculture

     

    Meet the Three Sisters Who Sustain Native America

     


    Three Sisters . . .and the Fourth Sister No One Really Talks About

    • Bean
    • Corn
    • Squash
    • Sunflower 

     

     

     

     

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