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Cahokia and Etzanoa, Pre-Contact Native American Cities

Page history last edited by Robert W. Maloy 6 days, 17 hours ago

 

 Native American History Cross Links

 

 

 

Pronounce Cahokia

Artist's Reconstruction of Monk's Mound at Cahokia.
Cahokia, located in present-day Illinois, was the center of what anthropologists call "Mississippian culture," agricultural communities throughout the Midwestern and southeastern United States between 1000 and 1400.

 

Cahokia is now the largest archaeological site in the United States

 

 

Link here for an Overview of Cahokia

 

 

  A Video from WTVP/PBS on Cahokia Mounds

 

  Back to the City of the Sun: An Augmented Reality Project

 

What is an Augmented Reality?

     Augmented Reality is a piece of technology created to help show something enhanced by technology in the real world.  In this instance visitors to the Cahokia site can use their phone cameras at specific locations and the program will show them what the Cahokia looked like in the spot they are currently standing.

 

For a perspective on Native American history in the Americas prior to European encounters, see Cahokia: Ancient America's Great City on the Mississippi, Timothy R. Pauketat, Viking, 2009.

 


See also, The Mississippians of Cahokia, John Hendrix, New York Times, February 28, 2016

 

 

Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site has been designated a world heritage site.

 

  • It had a population in excess of 10,000, with at least twenty to thirty thousand more in outlying towns and farming settlements that for fifty miles in every direction (Pauketat, 2009, p. 2).
    • Located just east of present-day St. Louis, Missouri.

 

  • North America's largest pyramidal-mound complex. "Monks Mound is larger at its base than the Great Pyramid of Khufu, Egypt's largest" ("Cahokia: America's Forgotten City," National Geographic, January, 2011, p. 138). Mounds were destroyed by the builders of St. Louis before the Civil War.
    • Monks Mound is filled with 50 million cubic feet of hand-moved dirt (Hendrix, 2016, p.13).

 

  • Construction has been radiocarbon dated to about 1050. The centerpiece was the size of 35 football fields, the Grand Plaza, the largest public space ever created north of Mexico.
    • At its center, a packed clay pyramid that would reach 100 feet high, surpassed only by the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan and the great pyramid at Cholula, in Mexico (Pauketat, 2009, p. 23).

 

Reconstructed Palisade at Cahokia
Reconstructed Palisade at Cahokia


Cahokia: America's Forgotten City, National Geographic (January 2011)


A Pre-Columbian American City from History Now

 


New Insights into the Curious Disappearance of the Cahokia Mounds Builders, St. Louis Public Radio

 


  Cahokia Mounds, Illinois Adventure, WTVP on YouTube

 


Mississippian Culture and Aztalan, Turning Points in Wisconsin History, Wisconsin Historical Society

 

Diagram shows solstice and equinox sunset and sunrise positions at the Mound 72 Woodhenge


external image Mound_72_Woodhenge_diagram_HRoe_2013.jpg


For more, see Cahokia Woodhenge



 

 

Etzanoa


This site may surpass even Cahokia as the largest Native American settlement in the United States.

 

The Hidden Cities of North America

 

  • This documentary focuses not only on the hidden cities of North America, but discusses why citizens today know nothing about this hidden history of the United States.


Has a High School Student Discovered Long Lost 17th Century Civilization in Kansas?

 


Kansas Archaeologist Rediscovers Lost Native American City (NPR, May 10, 2017

 

 

Archaeological Digs Reveal More About Lost City of Etzanoa

 


Etzanoa: The Great Settlement, Wichita State University Alumni Magazine (May 2016)

 

Oriate Monument, Alcalde, New Mexico
Oriate Monument, Alcalde, New Mexico

 


There was a military encounter between Native Americans from Etzanoa and Spanish troops led by the conquistador Juan de Oriate in 1601.

 


Cannon fragments found at the site confirm the battle.

 

 

The Story of . . . Smallpox—And Other Eurasian Germs, from Guns, Germs and Steel website, PBS (2005)

 

 

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