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Masschusetts US History I

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Saved by Robert W. Maloy
on April 1, 2024 at 8:22:58 am


  Download free e-book Building the American Republic, Volumes 1 & 2 by Harry L. Watson and Jane Daley (University of Chicago Press, 2018)



United States History I Content Standards


Town of Boston and British Ships of War Landing Their Troops, 1768

Colored Reproduction of an Engraving by Paul Revere



Topic 1:  Origins of the Revolution and the Constitution


  • Supporting Question:  How did events of the Revolutionary period inform the ideas in the Constitution?  



1. Analyze the economic, and intellectual perspectives that contributed to the American Revolution.





2. Explain the reasons for the French and Indian War (1754-1763), the North American component of the global Seven Years' War between Great Britain and France (1756-1763) and analyze how the war affected colonists and Native Peoples.





3. Explain Britain's policies in the North American colonies (e.g., Proclamation of 1763, the Sugar Act (1764), the Stamp Act (1765), the Townsend Duties (1767), the Tea Act (1773) and the Intolerable Acts (1774) and compare the perspectives of the British Parliament, British colonists, and Native Peoples in North America on these policies.



4. Describe Patriots' responses to increase British taxation (e.g., the the slogan, “no taxation without representation”, the actions of the Stamp Act Congress, the Sons of Liberty, and the Boston Tea Party (1773), and the role of Massachusetts people (e.g., Samuel Adams, Crispus Attucks, John Hancock, James Otis, Paul Revere, John and Abigail Adams, Mercy Otis Warren, Judith Sargent Murray, Phillis Wheatley, Peter Salem, Prince Estabrook).





5. Explain the main argument of the Declaration of Independence, explain the reasons given for seeking independence, and the meaning of key ideas on equality, natural and legal rights, and the rule of law.



6. Describe the impact of the following events on the course and outcome of the Revolution:  the battles of Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill (1775), the battle of Trenton (1776), the battle of Saratoga (1777), the winter encampment of the continental army at Valley Forge (1777-1778), the battle of Yorktown (1781).





7. Explain the reasons for the adoption of the Articles of Confederation in 1781.  Evaluate the weaknesses of the Articles as a plan for government, the reasons for their failure and how events such as Shays' Rebellion of 1786-1787 led to the Constitutional Convention.





8. Describe the Constitutional Convention, the roles of specific individuals (Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, George Washington Roger Sherman, Edmund Randolph) and the conflicts and compromises  (e.g. compromises over representation, slavery ( "Great Compromise" that determined how slaves were to be counted in the Census), the executive branch, and ratification.








Topic 2:  Democratization and Expansion


Supporting Question:  How was the balance of Federal and state authority tested in the early Republic? 


1.  Evaluate the major policies and political developments of the presidencies of George Washington, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson and their implications for the expansion of federal power; the origins of the Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties in the 1790s; the conflicting ideas of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton; the Alien and Sedition Acts; and the Louisiana Purchase.











2. Evaluate the importance of Andrew Jackson's actions as President, including the spoils system, the National Bank veto, and policy of Indian removal, and the Nullification Crisis.





3. Analyze the causes, course, and consequences of America's westward expansion from 1800 to 1854 (e.g., the Louisiana Purchase, growing diplomatic assertiveness after the Monroe Doctrine of 1823; the concept of Manifest Destiny and pan-Indian resistance; the establishment of slave and free states in the West, the acquisition of Texas and the Southwestern territories as a consequence of the Mexican-American War, the California Gold Rush, and the rapid rise of Chinese immigration in California.








Topic 3:  Economic Growth in the North and South


  • Supporting Question:  How were the North, South and West interdependent in the antebellum period? 


1. Explain the importance of the Transportation Revolution of the 19th century (the introduction of the steamboat, the building of canals, roads, bridges, turnpikes, and railroads); the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad and its stimulus to east/west trade, the growth of Midwestern towns and cities, and the strengthening of a market economy.




Who Came Down That Road? by George Ella Lyon 


2. Analyze the effects of the industrial growth throughout antebellum America, and in New England, the growth of the textile and machinery industries and maritime commerce.








3. Describe the role of slavery in the economies of the industrialized North and the agricultural South, explain reasons for the rapid growth of slavery in southern states, the Caribbean Islands, and South America after 1800 and analyze how banks, insurance companies and other institutions profited directly or indirectly from the slave trade and slave labor.


Eli Whitney and the Development of the Cotton Gin 



4.  Research primary sources such as antebellum newspapers, slave narratives, accounts of slave auctions, and the Fugitive Slave Act to analyze one of the following aspects of slave life and resistance (e.g., the Stono Rebellion of 1739, the Haitian Revolution of 1791-1804, the rebellion of Denmark Vesey of 1822, the rebellion of Nat Turner in 1831, the role of the Underground Railroad, the development of ideas of racial superiority, the African Colonization Society movement to deport and resettle freed African Americans in a colony in West Africa).



Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe



Topic 4:  Social, Political and Religious Change


  • Supporting Question:  How did religious and ethical beliefs shape American reform movements?


1. Describe important religious and social trends that shaped antebellum America.




2.  Using primary sources, research the reform movements in the United States in the early to mid 19th century, concentrating on one of the following and considering its connections to other aspects of reform:



  • 19th century movements to provide supports for people with disabilities, such as the founding of schools for students with cognitive, hearing, or vision disabilities and the establishment of asylums for people with mental illness.

Dorothea Dix, Mental Health Reformer 



  • Describe the formation of the abolitionist movement, the roles of various men and women in the movement, and responses of southerners and northerners to abolitionism.



  • Analyze the goals and effect of the antebellum women's suffrage movement and its interconnections with abolitionism.





  • Analyze the emergence of the Transcendentalist movement through the writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Margaret Fuller, and analyze examples of their writings that deal with concepts of materialism, liberty, the natural world, self-reliance, abolitionism, and civil disobedience.



external image 200px-Paperback_book_black_gal.svg.png Walden and Henry David Thoreau



Emblems of War, painting by Alexander Pope, 1888





Topic 5:  The Civil War and Reconstruction:  Causes and Consequences


  • Supporting Question:  How did sectional differences over slavery in the North, South, Midwest, and West contribute to the Civil War? 



1. Describe how the expansion of the United States to the Midwest contributed to the growing importance of sectional politics in the early 19th century and significantly influenced the balance of power in the federal government.




2. Analyze critical policies and events leading to the Civil War and connections among them.




3. Analyze Abraham Lincoln's presidency, the Emancipation Proclamation (1863), his views on slavery and national unity, and the political obstacles her encountered.




4. Analyze the roles and policies of Civil War leaders Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, and Ulysses S. Grant.


Bull Run by Paul Fleischman 



5. Using primary sources such as diaries, reports in newspapers and periodicals, photographs, and cartoons/illustrations, document the roles of men and women who fought in the Civil War or served troops, explain the physical and economic destruction of the South, the loss of life of both Southern and Northern troops, and the increased role of the federal government in the Civil War.





6. Research and evaluate the policies and long term social, political, and economic consequences of Reconstruction.




7.  Analyze the long term consequences of one aspect of the Jim Crow era (1870s-1960s) that limited educational and economic opportunities for African Americans.




8.  Evaluate the impact of educational and literacy responses to emancipation and Reconstruction (e.g., founding of black colleges to educate teachers for African Americans, the U.S. publication of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Samuel Clemens in 1885, and the development of African American literature in the early 20th century).



The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 


Walt Whitman, Bard of Democracy



Currier & Ives, 1868

Topic 6:  Rebuilding America:  Immigration and Industry


  • Supporting Question:  Industrialists have been called "Captains of Industry" and "Robber Barons."  Which title is more appropriate for them and why? 


1. Explain the various causes of the Industrial Revolution.




2. Make connections among the important consequences of the Industrial Revolution.









  Upton Sinclair and The Jungle



3. Evaluate the effects of the entry of women into the workforce after the Civil War and analyze women's political organizations.






4. Using primary source images, data and documents, describe the causes of immigration of Southern and Eastern Europeans, Chinese, Koreans, and Japanese to America in the late 19th and 20th centuries and the major roles of these immigrants in the industrialization and the building of railroads.









5. Analyze the consequences of the continuing westward expansion of the American people after the Civil War and evaluate the impact of the14th Amendment on Native Peoples and Asian and European immigrant men and women.






Topic 7:  Expansion, Progressivism and World War I


1. Explain what Progressivism meant in the early 20th century and analyze a text by a Progressive leader )e.g., Jane Addams, William Jennings Bryan, John Dewey, Robert LaFollette, Theodore Roosevelt, Upton Sinclair, William H. Taft, Ida Tarbell, Woodrow Wilson) to determine the main ideas and the extent to which claims are supported by evidence.



 Upton Sinclair and The Jungle







2. Analyze one the following governmental policies of the Progressive Period, determine the problem it was designed to solve, and assess its long and short-term effectiveness:  bans against child labor; the Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890); the Pure Food and Drug Act (1906); the Meat Packing Act (1906); the Federal Reserve Act (1913); the Clayton Anti-Trust Act (1914); the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment (1920).





3. Analyze the campaign for, and the opposition to, women's suffrage in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; describe the role of leaders and organizations in achieving the passage of the 19th Amendment.







4. Analyze the strategies of African Americans to achieve basic civil rights in the early 20th century, and determine the extent to which they met their goals by researching leaders and organizations.








5. Analyze the causes and course of America's growing role in world affairs from the Civil War to World War I.







6. Explain the rationale and events leading to the entry of the U.S. into World War I.





7. Analyze the role played by the U.S. in support of the Allies and in the conduct of the war.



8. Explain the course and significance of President Wilson's wartime diplomacy, including his Fourteen Points, the League of Nations, and the failure of the Versailles Treaty.











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