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The 1918 Influenza Pandemic and other Plagues in History

Page history last edited by Robert W. Maloy 7 months, 3 weeks ago

external image Neuraminidase_from_1918_influenza.gif

Image shows the structure of the neuraminidase enzyme required for virus replication from the H1N1 1918 pandemic influenza virus.

1918 Event Overview

The 1918 Pandemic was responsible for some 50 million deaths worldwide.


  1918 Flu from NPR Thoughtline (start approximately 6:20)

1918 Influenza Pandemic from Human Virology at Stanford University


The Great Pandemic: The United States in 1918-1919, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


Spanish Flu Death Chart
1918 Influenza: The Mother of All Pandemics, Centers for Disease Control, January 2006


American Influenza Epidemic of 1918-1919: A Digital Encyclopedia



Spanish Flu:  A Warning from History



How Information Policing and National Propaganda Worsened a Pandemic a Century Ago








1919 photo shows rows of tents that had been set up on a lawn at Emery Hill in Lawrence, Massachusetts

where victims of the 1918 influenza pandemic were treated.

external image 8391_lores.jpg

  Primary Sources

The Deadly Virus: The Influenza Epidemic of 1918 has documents and photos from the National Archives


The Spanish Flu of 1918 has photos and other visual primary sources


1918 Flu Epidemic Oral Histories, Vermont Historical Society



Primary Sources: Plagues, Epidemics, & Pandemics: Influenza of 1918, Christopher Newport University


Doctors wearing masks as they treat sick patients show how similar the 1918 Influenza is to the Covid-19 pandemic


Red Cross volunteers fighting against the spanish flu epidemy in United States in 1918 : News Photo



'Pale Horse, Pale Rider':  A Story of the 1918 Flu Pandemic, Katherine Anne Porter



Pale Rider: The Spanish Flu of 1918 and How It Changed the World, Laura Spinney (2018)


 Laura Spinney: What Does the 1918 Flu Teach Us About Our Response to Pandemics?



 Multimedia Resources

A Death-Struck Year, Makiia Lucier. A young girl volunteers in a hospital during the Spanish flu in this young adult novel.


The Five Deadliest Outbreaks and Pandemics in History, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation


History of Plague, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention



Mapping the Spanish Flu



Infographic in Flu Pandemic of 1918



1918 Pandemic Influenza Timeline



Influenza of 1918 Chart and information



 Women's History


Women: The Unsung Heroes of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic



How the 1918 Flu and COVID 19 Pandemics Transformed Women’s Lives



How the 1918 Flu Pandemic Helped Advance Women’s Rights





Other Pandemics, Plagues, Diseases and Epidemics in History


St Sebastian pleading for the life of a gravedigger afflicted with plague during the Plague of Justinian

external image Plaguet03.jpg



Deadly Pandemics Through History, University of Toronto Magazine (Winter 2013)



Timeline of Contagion (1494 to 1948)



Bubonic Plague 


Plague of Justinian



 Play Pandemic II, a game in which you try to spread a virus throughout the world



The Yellow Fever Epidemic in Philadelphia, 1793


America's First Plague: The Deadly 1793 Epidemic That Crippled a Young Nation. Robert P. Watson (2023)


 Reports on the Yellow Fever Epidemic, 1793



Typhoid Mary (Mary Mallon), 1907



illustration that appeared in The New York American, June 20, 1909
illustration that appeared in The New York American, June 20, 1909


Terrible Typhoid Mary: A True Story of the Deadliest Cook in America. Susan Bartlett, 2015



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