Teaching Latitude, Longitude and Time Zones


 

Latitude and Longitude

 

 

Latitude:  lines measuring north south position between the poles; they run parallel to each other.  Think of the rhyme:  "Tropical latitudes improve my attitude

      - Think about having imaginary horizontal "hula hoops" around the earth, with the biggest hoop around the equator, and then progressively smaller ones stacked above and below it to reach the North and South Poles 

      - or think of a ladder! A ladder has two long sticks and many rungs that run between those sticks. Think of all the ladders horizontal rungs as lines of latitude (or "ladder-tude").

 

Longitude:  lines running from North to South Pole that measure east west position.  Think of the rhyme "Lines of LONGitude are all just as LONG as one another

 

 

 

Learn more at Seasonal Change

 

 

 

Here is a link to a short YouTube video on latitude and longitude

                                                                                                                                             

and another... (sign language and captions provided, highly accessible) 

               

 

 

 

Longitude:  The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time.  Dava Sobel.  Penguin Books, 1995.

 

 

Null Island

 

Null Island ( Latitude 0, Longitude 0)

 

     - Null Island, an imaginary island located at 0°N 0°E (hence “Null”) in the South Atlantic Ocean, is where the Equator meets the Prime Meridian

 

Link to The Geographical Oddity of Null Island, Library of Congress

 

 

 

 

Time Zones   

 

 

A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Time zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time.

     Learn more:  https://www.timetemperature.com/tzus/time_zone.shtml

 

 

 

 

The Seasons, the Solstices and Equinox

 

Basic Definitions from the National Weather Service

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

\

 

Learning Plans

 

Since each 15° of longitude is equivalent to a difference in time of one hour, you could introduce time zones and have students figure out the time in different places in the world. 

  

Here is a link to a Brief History of Longitude and Greenwich Mean Time

 

Find your own Latitude and Longitude!

https://developer.mapquest.com/documentation/tools/latitude-longitude-finder/ 

 

Practice! Finding places using Latitude and Longitude

http://earthguide.ucsd.edu/earthguide/diagrams/latitude_longitude/ 

 

Practice! Identify lines of Latitude and Longitude

https://www.ixl.com/social-studies/grade-5/identify-lines-of-latitude-and-longitude 

 

Practice! Deliver pizza using Latitude and Longitude

https://www.mrnussbaum.com/international-pizza-delivery-2.html 

 

One idea is the online game Geoguessr

 

 

 

 

Another idea involves showing students an UpsideDown map of the world to get them interested in how people figure out where they are in the world.  This map upsets conventional thinking and creates mystery and fun at the same time.

 

 

 

More Lesson Plans:    

     Education World, Where in the World: https://www.educationworld.com/a_lesson/dailylp/dailylp/dailylp130.shtml

 

          - Worksheet PDF (https://www.educationworld.com/a_lesson/dailylp/dailylp/pdfs/dailylp130-download.pdf)

 

     National Geographic, Intro to Latitude and Longitude: https://www.nationalgeographic.org/activity/introduction-latitude-longitude/

 

     Journey North, Where in the World Pt2: https://journeynorth.org/tm/WhereWorld.html