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Women and Space Exploration

Page history last edited by Robert W. Maloy 2 months, 3 weeks ago


Topics on the Page


The Harvard University "Computers"


Jerri Cobb and the Mercury 13 Women Astronauts 


Apollo 11 and the Rocket Girls


Black Women Mathematicians at NASA

  • The Hidden Figures Book and Movie


Margaret Hamilton, Software Engineer




Sputnik, the Space Race and Women in STEM



Mae Jemison, Astronaut 


Sally Ride, First American Woman in Space


Dorothy Vaughan, Katherine Johnson, Mary Jackson



The Harvard University "Computers"

The Women Who Mapped the Universe and Still Couldn't Get Any Respect, Smithsonian (September 18, 2013)


Annie Jump Cannon devised a system for classifying stars that is still used today.

external image Annie_jump_cannon.jpg
Known as Pickering's Harem, these women cataloged data on astronomical observations from the late 1880s into the 1920s. A total of 80 women, working 6 days a week and earning between 25 and 50 cents a hour (half the pay of men in a similar role)

The Glass Universe: How the Ladies of the Harvard Observatory Took the Measure of the Stars, Dava Sobel, 2016.


The Mercury 13 and the First Women Astronauts


Jerrie Cobb, one of the Mercury 13
Jerrie Cobb, one of the Mercury 13


Women Astronauts

The Mercury 13, NASA


The Mercury 13 Story


external image Apollo-11-_Plaque-replica.jpg

Apollo 11 and the Rocket Girls

The Women Who Brought Us Apollo 11, Science Friday (July 22, 2016)

The Rise of the Rocket Girls: The Women Who Propelled Us, from Missiles to the Moon to Mars. Nathalia Holt. 2016

Watch a documentary on Apollo 11 here

Black Women Mathematicians at NASA



  Mae Jemison, Astronaut


A Forgotten Story: Black Women Helped Land a Man on the Moon, The Washington Post, September 13, 2016



Hidden Figures Book and Movie


Hidden Figure Movie Cast Members at the Kennedy Space Center, 2017


Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race. Margot Lee Shetterly 2016



How Black Women Did the Math That Put Men on the Moon, All Things Considered (September 25, 2016)



Make a Paper Mars Helicopter, NASA



Margaret Hamilton standing next to the navigation software that

she and her MIT team produced for the Apollo Project.


Margaret Hamilton, Software Engineer


Margaret Hamilton Led the Team that Landed Astronauts on the Moon



Her Code Got Humans to the Moon--And Invented Software


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