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Peter the Great and Catherine the Great

Page history last edited by Robert W. Maloy 1 year, 3 months ago


Peter the Great

Peter the Great


  • Czar 1682-1721, was proclaimed emperor in 1721, until his death in 1725.


  • Main objective was the indoctrination of western ideals and modernization in Russia by going abroad in 1696


  • Traveled around Russia to learn more about technology and ways of industry


  • Increased the power of the Czar so he could implement his new reforms


  • Decreased the power of the nobles and placed the Roman Catholic church under his control


  • Promoted education and brought new advances to Russia such as newspapers, women's rights, and western clothing


  • Westernization of Russia under Peter the Great
    • Abolished all conservative Russian traditionalism
    • Subjugated the church to the state
    • Created a new capital St. Petersburg in 1703
    • Established Russia's naval forces
    • Reorganized the army according to European models
    • Created a senate
    • Introduced a new tax system
    • Introduced schools to teach the alphabet and basic arithmetic
    • Established a printing house and the Academy of Sciences


 Click here for the biography of Peter the Great


  Multimedia Resources


Click here for a 10 minute summary about both Peter the Great and Russia as a whole during the 17th and 18th centuries.


Click here for a 30 minute video about Peter the Great.


Primary Sources

Peter I Decree On Wearing Clothes in the Hungarian Manner 


Here is the Romanov family tree, showing the relationship between Peter the Great, Catherine the Great, and others.


Oranienbaum, Russian Royal Residence, St. Petersburg


City of St. Petersburg, Russia



Founding of St. Petersburg, Russia, Building the World, University of Massachusetts Boston




A Short History of St. Petersburg, The Moscow Times (June 1, 2018)



Catherine the Great had an Over-the-Top Chinese Palace in Oranienbaum, the Russian Royal Residence







Catherine II, 1794, painted by Dmitry Levitzky


Catherine II, 1794, painted by Dmitry Levitzky

Catherine II (Catherine the Great)


  • Came to power in 1762 after the death of her husband and ruled until her death in 1796


  • Continued Peter the Great's policies of Westernization and expansion


  • Inspired by Enlightenment teachings


  • Under her rule, Russia became established as a great world power


  • Pugachev's Rebellion (1773-1774) was a serf uprising that lead Catherine to revamp the Russian government

Click here for a biography of Catherine the Great


Here is a blog about what Catherine the Great did for women while she was in charge.


Here is a timeline of Catherine the Great's life, including both personal details, as well as political and social details. 


 Visit here for documents on Catherine the Great

Click here for an NPR story about Catherine the Great.


Click Catherine the Great.pdf

 for The Return of Catherine the Great


 Click here for a video of creative quotes by Catherine the Great


History Channel Episode of Catherine the Great

external image Beautiful_red_apple.jpgSee Great Women Rulers from Women in World History.


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